Galungan And Kuningan
- 29 November 2017
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- Art and Culture
Galungan Day one of the Hindu religious ceremonies as a symbol of victory dharma (virtue) against adharma (evil). The word “Galungan” it self is actually derived from the old javanese which means “win”. The Word of Galungan also has similar meaning to “Dungulan” which means victorious
The celebration of Galungan is celebrated every 210 days according to Hindu calendar and is always celebrated on Wednesday . The series of celebration is held for 10 consecutive days and closed with Kuningan Holiday. That’s why the greeting for those who celebrate it is with the phrase “Happy Galungan and Kuningan Day”. During the Galungan ceremony, ngelawang ceremony is usually held in the village by deploying a Barong dance which is meant to restore the balance between good and evil in the house.
Typical of Galungan celebration in Bali is the island of Bali will be “decorated” and look lively. You will see rows of penjor along the island of Bali as well as near the etrance of the edge decorated with janur (palm leaves). For Balinese, penjor is the symbol of “montain” providing safety and well-being.
Kuningan Day is celebrated every 210 days or 6 months according to Balinese calendar, exactly on Saniscara Kliwon Wuku Kuningan. (1 month of Balinese calendar = 35 days). This feast comes ten days after Galungan. It is a special holy day where the ancestors who are after a few days being with the family will return to the heaven. As a closing sequence of Galungan ritual, Kuningan also marks the return of the Gods and ancestors to their own nature. Hindu community in Bali believe, the ceremony for the feast of Kuningan should be done before noon, before the time of Gods, Lord (Bhatara) and Pitara return back to heaven.